Symbols & Materials
A broad spectrum of materials and combinations are used today in shoe manufacturing. Leathers, synthetics, rubber and textile materials are counted among the basic upper materials. Each material has its own specific character and they differ not only in their appearance but also in their physical properties, their service life and different treatment needs. The choice of material significantly influences the life of the footwear and in many cases dictates its use.
Symbols of Structure
PVC, PU, rubber, leatherette and polymeric materials all have a similar look as leather but as far as breathing, absorption, flexibility is concerned their characteristics do not measure up to the qualities of natural leather. New upper materials in PVC and PU combined with comfortable linings are an advantage for designing and the next obvious advantage is their low price. Synthetic materials has inspired a rise of new colours, shapes and designs , especially in young fashion.
The most used natural material with ideal characteristics for footwear. Leather breathes, is soft, with very good absorption ability; able to adjust to the individual shape of foot. We recognize several basic types of leather.